There are many different
types of stone available today. When stone is ordered,
it is fabricated with a particular type of surface. There
are six main type of surfaces that are selected:
Honed: Provides a flat to low sheen gloss.
Different levels of gloss can be selected. This surface
is very smooth, but often very porous. This texture is
common in high traffic buildings. Honed floors should
always be protected with Penetrating Sealer because it
has wide-open pores. Honed stone colors are not as vibrant
as polished stone.
Polished: A glossy surfaces that wears
away with time due to heavy foot traffic and using improper
maintenance procedure. This surface is very smooth and
not porous. The reflectively of polished crystals brings
out the brilliant colors and grains of natural stone.
The shine comes from the natural reflection of the stone's
crystals. The shine is due to polishing bricks and polishing
powders used during fabrication. The Shine is not from
Flamed: A rough surface that is developed
through heat. During fabrication, the stone is heated
up and the crystals begin to pop, thus forming a rough
surface. This surface is very porous and must be treated
with an impregnator.
Sand Blasted: This surface is the result
of a pressurized flow of sand water that provides a textured
surface with a matte gloss.
Sawn: A Process performed by using a
Bush Hammered: A pounding action that
develops a textured surface. The degree of roughness can
Regardless of the type of surface to be maintained, all
stone should be protected with sealers.